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Peer Reviewed Papers:


Łochnicki, G., Kalousdian, N. K., Leder, S., Maierhofer, M., Wood, D., Menges, A.:2021, Co-Designing Material-Robot Construction Behaviors: Teaching distributed robotic systems to intuitively leverage active bending for light-touch assembly of bamboo bundle structures, ACADIA – Realignments – towards critical computation [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2021].  11.04 2021


Krüger, F., Thierer, R., Tahouni, Y., Sachse, R., Wood, D., Menges, A., Bischoff, M., Rühe, J.: 2021, Development of a Material Design Space for 4D-Printed Bio-Inspired Hygroscopically Actuated Bilayer Structures with Unequal Effective Layer Widths. Biomimetics, 6, 58. (DOI:10.3390/biomimetics6040058) URL


Özdemir, E.; Kiesewetter, L.; Antorveza, K.; Cheng, T.; Leder, S.; Wood, D.; Menges, A.: 2021,Towards Self-shaping Metamaterial Shells A Computational Design Workflow for Hybrid Additive: Manufacturing of Architectural Scale Double-Curved Structures. In proceedings of the 2021 DigitalFUTURES. Springer. (DOI: 10.1007/978-981-16-5983-6_26) URL


Cheng, T., Thielen, M., Poppinga, S., Tahouni, Y., Wood, D., Steinberg, T., Menges, A., Speck, T.: 2021, Bio‐Inspired Motion Mechanisms: Computational Design and Material Programming of Self‐Adjusting 4D‐ Printed Wearable Systems. Advanced Science, 2100411. (DOI: 10.1002/advs.202100411) URL


Cheng, T., Wood, D., Kiesewetter, L., Özdemir, E., Antorveza, K., Menges, A.: 2021, Programming material compliance and actuation: hybrid additive fabrication of biocomposite structures for large-scale self-shaping. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. (DOI: 10.1088/1748-3190/ac10af) URL


Tahouni, Y., Krüger, F., Poppinga, S., Wood, D., Pfaff, M., Rühe, J., Speck, T., Menges, A.: 2021, Programming sequential motion steps in 4D-printed hygromorphs by architected mesostructure and differential hygro-responsiveness. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. (DOI: 10.1088/1748-3190/ac0c8e) URL


Bechert, S., Aldinger, L., Wood, D., Knippers, J., Menges, A.: 2021, Urbach Tower: Integrative structural design of a lightweight structure made of self-shaped curved cross-laminated timber. Structures, 33, 3667--3681. (DOI: 10.1016/j.istruc.2021.06.073) URL


Wagner, H. J., Garufi, D., Schwinn, T., Wood, D. M., Menges, A.: 2021, Three-Dimensional Fibre Placement in Wood for connections and reinforcements in timber structures. In S. Behnejad, G. Parke, O. Samavati (eds.), Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2020/21 and the 7th International Conference on Spatial Structures.


Wood, D., Grönquist, P., .Bechert, S., Aldinger, L.,Riggenbach, D.,, Lehmann K., Rüggeberg, M., Burgert, I., Knippers, J., Menges, A.:.2020. From Machine Control to Material Programming: Self-Shaping Wood Manufacturing of a High Performance Curved CLT Structure -- Urbach Tower, in Burry, J., Sabin, J., Sheil, B., Skavara, M. (eds.), Fabricate 2020: Making Resilient Architecture, UCL Press, London, pp. 50-57. (ISBN: 978-1-78735-812-6 ) PDF 


Giachini, P., Gupta, S., Wang, W., Wood, D., Yunusa, M., Baharlou, E., Sitti, M., Menges, A.: 2020, Additive manufacturing of cellulose-based materials with continuous, multidirectional stiffness gradients, Science Advances, Vol. 6, No. 8. (doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aay0929) URL

Grönquist, P.; Panchadcharam, P.; Wood,D.; Menges, A.; Rüggeberg, M.; Wittel, F.K.: 2020, Computational analysis of hygromorphic self-shaping wood gridshell structures, Royal Society - Open Science, Vol. 7 , Issue 7, July 01, 200 (doi:10.1098/rsos.192210 ) URL

Tahouni, Y., Cheng, T., Wood, D., Sachse, R., Thierer, R., Bischoff, M., Menges, A.: 2020, Self-shaping Curved Folding: a 4D-printing method for fabrication of curved creased origami structures. In Symposium on Computational Fabrication (SCF '20), November 5–6, 2020, Virtual Event, USA. ACM, New York, NY, USA. (doi: 10.1145/3424630.3425416) URL

Cheng, T., Tahouni, Y., Wood, D., Stolz, B., Mulhaupt, R., Menges, A.: 2020, Multifunctional Mesostructures: Design and Material Programming for 4D-printing. In Symposium on Computational Fabrication (SCF '20), November 5–6, 2020, Virtual Event, USA. ACM, New York, NY, USA. (doi: 10.1145/3424630.3425418)

Cheng, T., Wood, D., Wang, X., Yuan, P., Menges, A.: 2020, Programming Material Intelligence: An Additive Fabrication Strategy for Self-Shaping Biohybrid Components. Living Machines: Conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems.


Grönquist, P., Wood, D., Hassani, M., Wittel, F., Menges, A., Rüggeberg, M.: 2019, Analysis of hygroscopic self-shaping wood at large scale for curved mass timber structures, Science Advances, Vol. 5 No. 9, pp. eaax1311. (doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax1311) URL

Aldinger L.*, Bechert S.*, Wood D*, Knippers J., Menges A..:2019, Design and Structural Modelling of Surface-Active Timber Structures Made from Curved CLT - Urbach Tower, Remstal Gartenschau 2019 in Impact: Design with all the senses [Proceedings of the  Design Modeling Symposium 2019], Berlin, DE  September 2019.

Weber R., Leder S., Wood D. Bucklin O., Menges A.: 2019, Distributed Robotic Timber Construction Designing of in-situ timber construction system with robot-material collaboration in  ACADIA – Ubiquity and Autonomy [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2019], Austin, TX. URL

Leder, S., Weber, R., Bucklin, 0., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2019, Design and prototyping of a single axis, building material integrated, distributed robotic assembly system, in 2019 IEEE: 4th International Workshops on Foundations and Applications of Self* Systems (FAS*), 3rd International Workshop on Self-Organised Construction (SOCO), Umea, Sweden.


Wood, D. , Vailati, C., Menges, A., Rüggeberg, M.: 2018, Hygroscopically actuated wood elements for weather responsive and self-forming building parts- Facilitating upscaling and complex shape changes. Construction and Building Materials, Elsevier, March 2018, DOI:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.134

Wood, D., Yablonina, M., Aflalo, M., Chen, J., Tahanzadeh, B., Menges, A.: 2018, Cyber Physical Macro Material as a UAV [re]Configurable Architectural System, in Willmann J., Block P., Hutter M., Byrne K., Schork T. (eds) Robotic Fabrication in Architecture, Art and Design 2018. ROBARCH 2018, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92294-2_25 

Wood, D., Brütting, J., Menges, A.: 2018, Self-Forming Curved Timber Plates: Initial Design Modeling for Shape-Changing Material Buildups, in IASS – Creativity in Structural Design [Proceedings of the IASS Symposium 2018], Cambridge, MA.

Forestiero, D., Xenos, N., Wood, D., Baharlou, E.: 2018, Low-tech Shape-Shifting Space Frames, in IASS – Creativity in Structural Design [Proceedings of the IASS Symposium 2018], Cambridge, MA.

Knippers, J., Menges, A., Dahy, H., Früh, N., Groenewolt, A., Körner, A., Rinderspacher, K., Saffarian, S., Slabbink, E., Solly, J., Vasey, L., Wood, D.: 2018, The ITECH approach: Building(s) to learn, in IASS – Creativity in Structural Design [Proceedings of the IASS Symposium 2018], Boston.

Garufi, D., Wagner, H.J., Bechert, S., Schwinn, T., Wood, D., Menges, A., Knippers, J.: 2018, Fibrous Timber Joints for Lightweight Segmented Hybrid Timber Shell , in“Digital Timber Construction”, Research Culture in Architecture conference on cross-disciplinary collaboration, Faculty of Architecture, TU Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany. (In press)

Leder, S., Weber, R., Bucklin, O., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2018, Towards Distributed In-Situ Robotic Timber Construction, in “Robotics in Timber Construction”, , Research Culture in Architecture conference on cross-disciplinary collaboration, Faculty of Architecture, TU Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany. (In press)



Dierichs, K., Wood, D., Correa, D., Menges, A.: 2017, Smart Granular Materials: Prototypes for Hygroscopically Actuated Shape-Changing Particles, in ACADIA – Disciplines & Disruption [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2017], Cambridge, MA, pp. 222-231. (ISBN: 978-0-692-96506-1 ) URL


Wood, D. , Correa, D., Krieg, O., Menges, A.: 2016, Material computation—4D timber construction: Towards building-scale hygroscopic actuated, self-constructing timber surfaces, International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC), Sage, February 2016, DOI: 10.1177/1478077115625522 

Publication of Work:

Online (selected)

Programming Elegance -University of Stuttgart - Research Magazine

Wie bringt Holz sich selbst in Form?P.M Wissen - Servus TV

Cool New Method Curves Wood Without Machines - Popular Mechanics

Tall twisting tower is made from wood that shapes itself as it dries - New Scientist

These researchers invented an entirely new way of building with wood - Fast Company

Building with wood that bends itself into shape - ETH Zurich

Wood that shapes itself -Empa News

With a new technology, wood gets itself into shape - NZZ (Switzerland)

University of Stuttgart makes Urbach Tower from self-shaping wood - DEZEEN

Self-shaping timber could rival CLT for structural use - RIBA Journal

This Week in Tech: Constructing with Deforming Wood—Intentionally - ARCHITECT Magazine

Urbach Tower Pioneers "Self-Shaping" Wood Construction Technique - Core77

Interview to Dylan Wood: the Urbach Tower and wood panels that curve on their own - Design Wanted

Stuttgart tiene una torre de madera inteligente única en el mundo - Condé Nast - Traveler

This Curved Tower in Stuttgart Was Formed Without Machines - DEPARTURES

Landmark Tower in Germany is Built out of Self-Shaping Wood - Avontuura

A Unique Landmark Built From Self-Shaping Wood- SCALE

Self-Twisting Urbach Tower - Cool Material

Masters students propose canopy that uses drones to continuously adaptDesign boom


A building that moves by itself - RIBA Journal

Print (selected)

Isopp,A.: 2020. Zuschnitt Zeitschrift uber Holz als Werkstoff und Werke in Holz, proHolz Austria, Nr. 77, March, pp 6-9,  (ISBN: 978-3-902926-35-7.)

Mayer-Grenu, A.: 2020, Programmierte Eleganz, forschung leben: lntelligente Systeme fur eine zukunftsfahige Gesellschaft Das Magazin der Universität Stuttgart - forschung leben, Januar, pp. 28–35.


Mayer-Grenu, A.: 2020, Programmierte Eleganz, forschung leben: lntelligente Systeme fur eine zukunftsfahige Gesellschaft, 01.2020.

Friedrich, J., Analysieren und exakt vorausbestimmen, in Bauwelt – Praxis: BIM Digitalisierung, 2.2020.

Turm aus selbstformend hergestelltem Holz, Die Welt der Lehmann Gruppe, 12.2019.

Lofken, J.O., 2019, Bauen - Kontrollierte Kurven, in Technology Review, 12/2019, pp. 21.

Barlow, W., 2019, off the beaten path: From urban ruins to rural a rural hillside, unconventional venues invite inventive installations, in

Interior Design, 12/90, pp 147-159.

Sigmmunnd, B., 2019, Trocknung formt Holz, in Structure DETAIL, 03.19, pp. 10-11.

2019, Remstal Gartenschau- Markantes Wahrzeichen, in mikado, September, 2019, pp. 10.

2019, Skulptur aus selbstformendem Holz, in XIa intelligente architektur, 07 09/19, pp 008-009

2019, Holzinnovation - Urbach Tower, in Md, September 2019, pp 6-7

Kühnleinm, A.:2019, Der schiefe Turm von Urbach, in AD Architectural Digest Deutschland, Juli & August 2019, Condé Nast Germany, p. 65

Heirbaut, J.: 2019, Uitkijkpunt Met Een Twist, in DE INGENIEUR, 7/131 07.2019, Koninklijk Instituut Van Ingenieurs, Den Haag, pp. 8-9.

Barényi, K.: 2019, Veža Urbach, in ASB | architektúra, stavebníctvo, biznis, #208, JAGA Group, Bratislava, pp. 44-45.

Bachmann, W.: 2019, Langstrecke am Fluss – Infinite River Garden, in DETAIL, 7/8.2019, DETAIL, Munich, pp. 4-6.

Stephan, P.: 2019, Architektur trifft Gartenschau – Teil 1, in AIT 6.2019, Verlagsanstalt Alexander Koch, Leinfelden-Echterdingen, pp. 11.

Ramirez, M.: 2019, Cyber Physical Macro Materials, in Pasajes Arquitectura, No. 148, Reverse Arquitectura, Madrid, pp. 46-47. (ISSN: 1575-1937)

Sigmund, B.: 2018, Dynamic Roof Structure, in DETAIL, 12.2018, DETAIL, Munich, pp. 16-18.


Cyber Physical Macro Material, Creative Robotics
ARS Electronic Center, Linz, Austria. April 03 – October 10, 2018

HygroForm Prototype, +ultra gestaltungg creates knowledge
Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany. September 30 – January 08, 2016 -17

Bloom prototypes, Architectural Pavilions – Experiments

Museum of Craft and Design, San Francisco, June 2- January 7, 2016-17

Bloom panel, Urban Shade Exhibit

Holon Design Museum, Holon, Israel. July 04-October 31, 2016

Bloom panel, Designers of the Anthropocene

Przemiany Festival 2015, Copernicus Science Center, Warsaw, Poland. September 04-06, 2015

eXo, DJ stand centerpiece

Westedge, Santa Monica, CA, October 16-19, 2015

Bloom panel and paper model, Architextiles

Museum of Textiles, Tilburg, Netherlands, September 29-January 25, 2013

Bloom panel, Smart Flexibility: Advanced Materials and Technologies

MaterFAD, Barcelona, Spain, June 25-November 30

Bloom panel, Smart Environment: MaterialXperience,

Material, Rotterdam, Netherlands, January 23, 2013

eXo, Almost Anything Goes (Miki Garcia, curator)

MCA Santa Barbara, CA, January 5-April 13, 2014

Bloom (images only), Synthetic Digital Ecologies (Nataly Gattegno and Brian Price, curators)

ACADIA, San Francisco, CA, October 17-21, 2014

Bloom panel, Materials & Application: Building Something (Beyond) Beautiful, Projects 2002-2013 (Kristina Newhouse, curator)

CSULB Art Museum, Long Beach, CA, January 25-April 13, 2013

Bloom Panel, and Armoured Corset, Future Materials Gallery

EcoBuild 2013, London, UK, March 5-7, 2013


LAX International Terminal Opening, Los Angeles Mayor’s Office, Los Angeles, CA (cancelled).

Bloom Panel, Life in 2050! On Tour (Stephen Foulger, curator)

Saudi Aramco, Damman, Saudi Arabia, June 2, 2013


Materials & Application Gallery, Silver Lake, CA, November 19, 2011-March 31, 2013.


Second Nature

Little Tokyo Design Week, Los Angles July 2011


Programming Material Intelligence - Tongii University, Digital FUTURES Workshop, 2018 - Scientific Development and Co-Teacher with Tiffany Cheng and Achim Menges

Autonomous Timber Structures Material robotics for self-construction, Domain de Boisbuchet, France, 2018 - Scientific Development and Co-Teacher with Prof. Achim Menges

Hygroscopic Aggregate Structures - Domain de Boisbuchet, France, 2016- Scientific Development and Co-Teacher with Prof. Achim Menges, K. Dierichs

Living Surfaces: Building Envelopes as Biological Systems- School of Architecture, College of Design University of Minnesota, Catalyst 2015 Co-Teacher with Prof. Doris Sung

Awards and Recognition:

Thesis Prize 1st recognition- University of Stuttgart Faculty of Architecture, Augmented Grain MSc. Thesis, 2014

Raymond S. Kennedy Award for Architectural Innovation- University of Southern California School of Architecture, Second Nature BArch Thesis, 2011

Global and Discovery Scholar Recognition- University of Southern California, 2011

Speculative + Prototyping Honorable Mention, SXSW Eco 2016, October 12., Bloom and inVert, DOSU Studio Architecture

AIA Small Projects Award, American Institute of Architectures, Annual Meeting Atlanta, GA, May 2015, Bloom, DOSU Studio Architecture

2014 R+D Award, ARCHITECT Magazine, eXo. DOSU Studio Architecture, July 2014

Architecture + Materials Category Finalist, A+ Awards, Architizer, Bloom, DOSU Studio Architecture, March, 2013

Spark! Product Awards 2012, Spark, San Francisco, Bloom, DOSU Studio Architecture, October, 2012

R+D Honorable Mention, ARCHITECT Magazine, Bloom, DOSU Studio Architecture, July 2012
PrixARS, [the next idea] Art + Technology Honorable Mention ARS Electronica, Linz, Austria, Techioles, DOSU Studio Architecture, 2012

Invited Lectures and Presentations

Design and Modelling for Surface Active CLT structures - Design Modelling Symposium 2019, Berlin, DE
From Machine Control to Material Programming, Forster + Partners, August 2019, London, UK
From Machine Control to Material Programming, Design For Manufacture, Barlett School of Architecture, UCL, June 2019, London, UK
Form Machine Control to Material Programming - Self-shaping wood and other bits, Engineering Club, June 2019, London, UK
Building Material Intelligence, “Matters of Fact” summer lectures, Domaine de Boisbuchet, Lessac, FR

Cyber-Physical Macro Materials - Robots in Architecture 2018, ETH, Zurich, CH

Cyber-Physical Macro Materials: Ars Electronica Innovation Forum, Ars Electronica 2018, POST-CITY, Linz, AT

Tongji University, Digital FUTURES Symposium, 2018

USC School of Architecture- Generation NEXT, Los Angeles, 2017
UK Construction Week, Smart Materials, Birmingham, UK, 2016
Max Plank Inst, Dept. Physical Intelligence, Stuttgart, DE, 2016
InnoChain Research Group, Simulations Workshop, Stuttgart, 2016
School of Civil Engineering and Geodesic, Newcastle University, 2016
Przemiany Festival 2015, Warsaw, 2015
Architectural Association, EMTech Studio, London, 2014
Architectural Association, Design Make, Hooke Park, 2014

© Dylan Wood
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